Something you need to know about Yazd!
How old is Yazd?
Yazd is the capital of Yazd Province, Iran. Historians believe that the city era dates before Islam. Some also say that perhaps the historic city of Yazd should be searched in a different place than its current one. However, many of the historical monuments discovered in this city dating back to the fifth century of Hijri Lunar. At the same time, the discovery of other buildings belonging to the 2nd and 3rd centuries of the Hijri has raised doubts in the estimation of the Yazd city’s history.
In any case, the date of residence in this area has exceeded the third millennium BC, In the course of the Pishdadian dynasty that were moving from Balkh to Pars, the land was called Yazdan, and since then Yazd was the place of worship.
What is Yazd famous for?
Since 2017, this historical city is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, the city has a unique Persian architecture. It is nicknamed the “City of Windcatchers” from its many examples. It is also very well known for its Zoroastrian fire temples, ab anbars (cisterns), qanats (underground channels), yakhchals (coolers), Persian handicrafts, handwoven cloth (Persian termeh), silk weaving, Persian Cotton Candy, and its time-honored confectioneries.
This city is an important center of Persian architecture. Because of its climate, it has one of the largest networks of qanats in the world, and Yazdi qanat makers are considered the most skilled in Iran.
To deal with the extremely hot summers, many old buildings in the city have magnificent wind towers and large underground areas.
The city is also home to prime examples of yakhchals, which were used to store ice retrieved from glaciers in the nearby mountains. This city is also one of the largest cities built almost entirely out of adobe.
Yazd’s heritage as a center of Zoroastrianism is also important. There is a Tower of Silence on the outskirts, and the city itself has an Fire-temple which holds a fire that has been kept alight continuously
Always known for the quality of its silk and carpets, This city today is one of Iran’s industrial centers for textiles. There is also a considerable ceramics and construction materials industry and unique confectionery and jewelry industries. A significant portion of the population is also employed in other industries including agriculture, dairy, metal works, and machine manufacturing. There are a number of companies involved in the growing information technology industry, mainly manufacturing primary materials such as cables and connectors. Currently Yazd is the home of the largest manufacturer of fiber optics in Iran.
Yazd’s confectioneries have a tremendous following throughout Iran and have been a source of tourism for the city. Confectioners workshops (khalifehs, or experts) keep their recipes a guarded secret, and there are many that have remained a private family business for many generations.
In addition to its connection with major Iranian cities via Iranian Railways, Yazd is served by the AZD Airport.